Machiavelli thus sets the stage for an enduring tete-a-tete among his readers

Machiavelli thus sets the stage for an enduring tete-a-tete among his readers

Is he an opportunist offering aid and comodo esatto would-be tyrants? Do the moral and political goals he outlines sopra the final chapter of The Prince justify the actions he advocates per the preceding chapters? These questions seem destined esatto remain with us as long as Machiavelli’s book continues sicuro occupy a central place durante modern political thought.

James Madison, “The Federalist Per niente

What we know of the personal character of Niccolo Machiavelli (1469-1527) is at odds with the treachery implied sopra the adjective derived from his name. Evidence suggests that Machiavelli was an upright man, verso good father, and per husband who lived durante affectionate harmony with his wife, Marietta Corsini, who bore him six children. Throughout his life, Machiavelli was per zealous republican. He served Florence with uncompromising patriotism as an effective senior administrator and diplomat. But his solo-minded service esatto the republic of Florence ended when the army of the Holy League of Pope ily esatto power as benevolent despots of the city. Con the resulting political purge, Machiavelli not only lost his position sopra the city government but, when verso conspiracy against the Medicis was uncovered sopra early 1513, he also was accused of complicity simply because his name was on per list taken from the conspirators. Thrown into prison and subjected puro the kind of torture that forced blameless men esatto confess their guilt, Machiavelli nevertheless maintained his innocence and was eventually released.

Reduced preciso poverty, and with restrictions placed on his movements around the city, Machiavelli sought refuge per the little property, outside Florence, that he had inherited from his father. There he produced not only The Prince, which he completed between the spring and autumn of 1513, but also a variety of political commentaries and histories and per number of well-received literary works. After the death of Pope Julius II con 1513, the chant of Lorenzo de’Medici (called the Magnificent) became Pope Leo X-one of three popes the Medici family produced. It was Machiavelli’s hope that by dedicating The Prince esatto Lorenzo de’Medici, son of the most famous of all the Medicis, he would obtain an office that would return him onesto public life. That hope was per vain. Machiavelli died at the age of 58, still exiled from Florence.

I Samuel and I Kings (Old Testament); Matthew 22 (New Testament)These books sopra the Bible deal with the tensions between religious and political loyalties.

Aristotle, PoliticsIn this exploration of the ideal state, Book V, concerning the maintenance of political power, is an especially pertinent antecedent puro Machiavelli.

Thomas Hobbes, Leviathan (1651)The author presents per grim vision of human beings per their natural state, which becomes the basis for lovoo his argument that verso practically omnipotent government is necessary sicuro secure per basic level of justice and elementary freedoms.

John Locke, The Second Treatise of Civil Government (1690)Chapter 14 examines the circumstances sopra which government can act mediante violation of the law or in the absence of law. Chapter 19 concerns the right of the people esatto overthrow a ruler or government when either has abused his power.

10” (mediante The Federalist) (1787-88)This essay addresses the problem of factions that inevitably develop among citizens and the ways of controlling their detrimental effects without infringing on liberty.

Is he best understood as per seeker of unity and peace, concerned to make his advice practical and effective?

Plato, The StatesmanOne of Plato’s major works of political philosophy, this conciliabule explores the nature and virtue of verso king or statesman.

Machiavelli’s view of the Italy of his day-“leaderless, lawless, crushed, despoiled, torn, overrun” (p. 83)-underwrites the advice he gives per The Prince. It also leads him preciso end his treatise with an “Exhortation onesto liberate Italy from the barbarians.” Machiavelli calls for “verso new prince…puro introduce a new order” (p. 82) that would bring unity and stability onesto the often warring city-states of the Italian peninsula. Durante this portion of The Prince and mediante some of his other writings, Machiavelli appears more idealistic and friendly toward verso form of government that would give citizens per say. Con his Discourses, Machiavelli portrays the ideal government as per republic that allows groups with differing opinions preciso speak openly.